The incidence of vertebral fragility fractures and deformity increase steeply with age. Every sixth woman and every twelfth man will sustain a symptomatic vertebral fracture. Vertebral fractures result in pain, functional disability and decreased quality of life, which may last for several years, and may also affect mortality. The patient with an acute fracture should be examined with radiology for diagnosis. In case of a low-energy fracture, osteoporosis should be suspected and investigated.